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    Workplace Surveillance: A Remote Work Dilemma

    Feb 6, 2024 | Compensation Law


    The prevalence of employee surveillance is increasing in the workplace, especially with the growing trend of remote work. Employers employ various monitoring methods, ranging from CCTV cameras to GPS and electronic device data tracking, to oversee their workforce.

    While, in general, it is legally permissible for employers to monitor and track work tasks and performance, including the usage of work laptops, it is important to note that this right is not unlimited. Employees should be aware of certain considerations regarding their right to privacy, emphasizing that employers cannot conduct unrestricted surveillance on work laptops.

    Legal Considerations

    Monitoring Work Tasks and Performance

    Generally, employers are within their legal rights to monitor work tasks and performance, including tracking the usage of work laptops. However, there are limitations to an employer’s unrestricted right to surveil work laptops, necessitating awareness of privacy rights.

    Reviewing Employment Agreements

    Employees are advised to scrutinize their employment contracts, especially when working remotely, to uncover computer usage and monitoring provisions.
    Some agreements grant employers the authority to monitor work-related activities on company-provided equipment, even in a home setting, often contingent on employee consent.

    Understanding Company Policies

    Employers may have specific policies dictating computer usage and monitoring practices.

    These policies detail the extent of monitoring, acceptable and unacceptable behavior during work hours (whether in the office or at home), and permissions for personal use of work laptops.

    Acquainting oneself with company policies is essential for employees to ascertain their standing.

    If employees use work laptops for personal purposes during non-work hours and are entitled to do so, employers should refrain from tracking usage unless prior notification has been provided, potentially breaching the law.

    Determining Reasonable Surveillance Practices

    Exercising Reasonable and Proportionate Surveillance

    In the absence of explicit guidelines, employers are expected to conduct surveillance activities reasonably and proportionately, communicating these practices with employees.
    The reasonableness of surveillance depends on the nature of the work, with distinctions drawn, for example, between the surveillance expectations for a bank employee and a café worker.

    Justifiable Reasons for Monitoring Devices

    Employers may use monitoring devices for valid reasons, such as product or service quality checks, theft or fraud detection, ensuring workplace safety, enforcing company policies, and evaluating employee performance.

    Addressing Concerns About Employer Laptop Monitoring

    Employees with concerns about laptop monitoring are advised to follow specific steps to protect their rights.

    Raising Concerns with Employers

    Express concerns with employers about laptop monitoring and document them in writing for clarity and record-keeping.

    Seeking Legal Advice

    If dissatisfied with the outcome, seeking legal advice is recommended, especially if job security is at risk. Experienced employment lawyers can assist in understanding and safeguarding employee rights.


    In conclusion, while employers have the legal authority to monitor work laptops, employees must be vigilant about the boundaries set by employment agreements, company policies, and regional privacy laws. The importance of reasonable and proportionate surveillance practices cannot be overstated, and employees should address concerns with employers, documenting them for clarity.

    When dissatisfactions persist, seeking legal advice becomes crucial, especially when job security is at risk. Trilby Misso Lawyers, specializing in employment law, stands ready to assist in navigating the complexities of workplace surveillance, ensuring that your rights are understood, respected, and safeguarded. Contact Trilby Misso Lawyers today for expert guidance tailored to your specific situation.

    Trilby Misso Lawyers

    Trilby Misso Lawyers